Craig Brandon is the author of Murder in the Adirondacks, the definitive book about the Chester Gillette murder case. This case, which resulted in Gillette’s execution in Auburn State Prison in New York in 1908, provided the basis for Theodore Dreiser’s novel An American Tragedy.
Chester Ellsworth Gillette (1883-1908) was arrested on July 14, 1906 at the Arrowhead Hotel in Inlet, New York, an Adirondack outpost, for the murder of Grace Mae Brown (1886-1906).
Brandon gives lectures about the case, about which he is recognized as the foremost authority. In one such lecture, I recall that Brandon spoke of an uncle from Chicago who, learning of Gillette’s arrest from the newspapers, tried to contact either his nephew or the authorities. (I can’t recall which was the case.) Brandon expressed befuddlement over this and implied that the so called uncle was not in fact Chester Gillette’s uncle.
There indeed was such an uncle and his name was Josiah Rice. He was an uncle of Chester Gillette on Chester’s mother’s side.
Attached (see below) is the death certificate of one Josiah Rice. The details are as follows:
residence: 5400 N. Ashland Avenue, Chicago
died in Edgewater Hospital [Chicago] on April 8, 1939
widower; husband of Matilda Rice
his date of birth: February 5, 1855
his age: 84 years 1 month 23 days
his place of birth: Oxford, Massachusetts
father’s name: Leonard Rice (born Oxford, Massachusetts)
mother’s maiden name: Matilda Coyne (born Rock Island, Illinois)
Now, some facts about Chester Gillette’s mother:
Her maiden name was Louisa Maria Rice;
She was born in Millbury, Worcester County, Massachusetts on May 12, 1859;
Her parents were Leonard Rice and Dulcena (or Dulcimer) S. (Gale) Rice;
Leonard Rice and Dulcena Gale were married in Millbury on April 25, 1855.
So, it is apparent that Josiah Rice was the son of Leonard Rice by a first wife of Leonard — namely, Matilda (Coyne) Rice — and it would seem to be a certainty that Matilda died giving birth to Josiah.
Therefore, it is conclusive that Chester Gillette’s mother, Louisa (Rice) Gillette was the half-sister of Josiah Rice of Chicago. So, it would be quite natural and proper for Josiah Rice to call himself Chester Gillette’s uncle and to inquire after Chester upon learning of his arrest from newspapers.
— Roger W. Smith